Executives across industries and around the world have made devising and implementing employee reskilling programs a top priority. Deloitte’s 2021 Global Human Capital Trends report found that a whopping 72% of executives saw “the ability of their people to adapt, reskill, and assume new roles” as workers’ most or second-most important skill.
Learning and development (L&D) professionals play a leading role in many employee reskilling and upskilling programs, from analyzing needs to developing and delivering effective tools and resources.
Reskilling teaches new skills to employees. Updating and extending their skillsets can prepare learners to move into new roles within the company, whether laterally or promotions, and can prepare workers to take on new challenges and adjust to changes.
Upskilling generally refers to enhancing workers’ existing skills as demands in their current job roles change, whether due to automation, adoption of new software or tools, or shifts in processes and procedures.
The COVID-19 crisis brought the need for reskilling workers to the forefront of managers’ and executives’ minds, as the pandemic forced rapid changes in the way many companies operated. But the need for reskilling programs has long been on the radar for executives and L&D leadership:
The truth is, skill gaps have always existed and tools and processes change rapidly, factors that ensure a constant need for upskilling and reskilling programs.
A reskilling program offers L&D teams and organizational leaders the chance to get ahead of skill gaps by anticipating and proactively filling those gaps. It’s an all-around win, too: Not only does the organization benefit from a prepared and highly skilled workforce, employees benefit from development and advancement opportunities.
The 2021 LinkedIn Workplace Learning report found that more than half of L&D professionals are focusing on supporting internal job mobility, with 59% citing reskilling and upskilling employees as top priorities. That’s because they see clear benefits:
Forbes states that tough times, like during and immediately post-COVID, are an ideal time to focus on reskilling employees and asserts that “upskilling and reskilling programs can improve employee engagement and retention, attract new talent, increase collaboration between departments and speed up the adoption of new trends within the company.”
The employees most likely to succeed in a reskilling program are those who are motivated to learn and develop — self starters, the people who “get stuff done” by managing their time effectively and knowing how to prioritize. These are also the employees who are willing and able to delegate or ask for assistance when they take on too much or too many deadlines converge. Happily, these efficient, organized high-performers are the employees you’re most likely to want to hold on to, promote, and groom for leadership roles.
When reskilling employees, it’s important to ensure that they are able to balance online training and other reskilling programs with their daily and weekly work tasks without becoming overwhelmed or burning out. That’s why planning ahead and ensuring that reskilling is proactive is so important.
When implementing an employee reskilling program, design a path for employees to develop new work skills over time and grow into new roles or responsibilities, while also ensuring that managers at every level support a learning culture.
Planning ahead will ensure that the skills your organization needs are available, rather than having to scramble to fill an urgent need as a crisis unfolds.
Designing a solid, relevant employee reskilling program starts just as any training initiative should: with a thorough analysis of current and anticipated skills needs, an “inventory” of which employees have needed skills, and an analysis of existing online and face-to-face training courses, job aids, and other resources.
In assessing the skillsets of employees, take a wide view. An employee skills and interests survey could unearth hidden talents within your ranks. While it might seem logical to look at existing customer support staff to fill anticipated IT or equipment maintenance roles, other employees might have adjacent interests or skills that are not leveraged in their current roles.
In some fields of work, organizations may find that it makes sense to increase flexibility among employees by up- and reskilling them in “adjacent skill areas,” according to McKinsey’s report on reskilling to emerge from the COVID crisis. “For instance, truck drivers learned how to be excavator operators. This approach yielded multiple benefits for the organization.”
It’s often helpful to call in outside experts to perform skills audits, training needs analysis, and audits of existing training.
Your audits and analyses are likely to unearth a wide variety of skills that are or will be needed. The next step will be prioritizing the training. Your training audit consultant is likely to be helpful here too, providing guidance as you develop a strategic training plan to meet current and future needs.
Your training plan might include:
Understanding what you have and what you need — both in terms of skills and training resources — can ensure that your employee reskilling program is relevant and effective. Use your strategic planning to inform and guide the development of training, reinforcement, and performance support resources.
All the preparatory analysis in the world won’t matter if your reskilling program is ineffective. Build in ways to measure progress and effectiveness from day one.
Using LMS-based online training courses, as well as microlearning and other platforms that provide training, knowledge reinforcement, and performance support, is a great start. Many LMS and microlearning platforms are able to track essential training metrics. Some include tools to correlate training metrics with performance metrics and provide a more complete picture of the impact of your reskilling efforts.
When choosing training platforms, be sure to ask your vendor about data and analytics collection, analysis, and reporting features.